Guru Nanak Jayanti 2020
551st Birth Anniversary of Guru Nanak
- Guru Nanak Jayanti 2020: Monday, 30th November 2020
- Purnima Tithi Begins 2020: 12:47 PM on November 29, 2020
- Purnima Tithi Ends 2020: 02:59 PM on November 30, 2020
Nanak Sahib’s birthday comes on the full moon day of Kartik month on Kartik Purnima, which most of the time falls in the month of November according to the Western calendar.
This holiday is one of the most vital festivals of the Sikh community and commemorates Guru Nanak Sahib, He was the one who establishes a Sikhism community and the first Sikh Guru.
In India, this holiday is also known as the name of Guru Nanak Gurpurab, Prakash Utsav of Guru Nanak, or Guru Nanak Dev Hi Jayanti. For most of the states, it is a gazetted holiday and Indian stocks, bonds, and money markets are closed.
On 2 May 2014, the Punjab Legislative Assembly moved a resolution to declare the birthday of Baba Guru Nanak as a public holiday in Pakistan 2014 by MP Dr Was introduced by Ramesh Singh Arora. This resolution has not been enacted, so Pakistan does not have a public holiday.
About Guru Nanak
On 15 April 1469, in Rai-Bhoi-di Talwandi, Guru Nanak was born which is the present district of Shekhupura (Pakistan), now Nanakana Sahib.
Nanak’s religious ideas evolved from both Hindu and Islamic views, but are more than a simple synthesis. Guru Nanak was an original spiritual thinker and expressed his all thoughts and ideas in the form of poetry which is the basis of Sikh scripture.
Little is known about Nanak’s life, but it is accepted that Nanak was born approx. 40 miles from Lahore in Pakistan in 1469).
Sikh traditions reveal that his birth and early years were marked with many events, which showed that God had marked him for something special and was keeping an eye on them. Every year, the celebration of the Guru’s birth anniversary started two days before the actual date.
Akhand Path: On the first day of the ceremony, Sikhs read the Sikh holy book – Guru Granth Sahib – from beginning to end it is held on Gurdwaras.
Nagarkirtan: As is the second-day celebration, the holy book is paraded through the streets of Amritsar in a hand-held carriage. The procession is led by 5 people representation of the original Panj Pyare ‘the Five Beloved Ones’ who helped shape the religion.
To commemorate the day of his birth, the followers start the Gurupurab with Prabhat Pheri in the morning. During the day, devotees sing and sing hymns. A special prayer, known as ‘Rehrasi’, is held at sunset.
According to Sikh tradition, it is believed that Nanak was born around 1:20 pm. Therefore, the evening prayers continue until worshipers sing ‘Gurbani’ (hymns of Guru Granth Sahib) in their praise. The festival comes around 2:00 pm.
It is one of the major sacred festivals of the Sikh community and Sikhs celebrate Gurupurav all over India, and are especially situated in the Shrine (Gurdwara) representing the home of Baba Kalu (Father) and Mother Tripata (Mother), whom The gurudwara Janam located in Rai is called Asthan.
Rai-Bhoi-di-Talwandi in the present district of Shekhupura (now Nankana Sahib in Pakistan). Sikhs from across the world gather here and celebrate Gurupurv with great reverence and enthusiasm every year.